When you think of what an office needs to operate you probably think about computers, phones, and fax machines—not cables. But without cabling—the hidden wiring that makes all your office equipment work—your company can’t even start its engine. Knowing a few basics about cabling can save you time and money by helping you to customize your office cabling to meet your company’s unique needs.
Aren’t all cables the same? There are four main cables that most offices use: Phone cabling for your phone system, data cabling for your computer internet and networking connections, video cabling, and television cabling. Definition: CAT5 (also, CAT 5) Category 5 is an Ethernet network cable standard defined by the Electronic Industries Association and Telecommunications Industry Association (commonly known as EIA/TIA). CAT5 is the fifth generation of twisted pair Ethernet technology and the most popular of all twisted pair cables in use today.
CAT5 and CAT5E cable contains four pairs of copper wire. It supports Fast Ethernet speeds (up to 100 Mbps). As with all other types of twisted pair EIA/TIA cabling, CAT5 cable runs are limited to a maximum recommended run length of 100m (328 feet).
Cat 6 Short for Category 6, Cat-6 network cabling is used as the cabling infrastructure for 10BASE-T (Ethernet), 100BASE-TX (Fast Ethernet),1000 base T (Gigabit Ethernet, or GbE) and 10GBASE-T (10-Gigabit Ethernet, or 10 GbE) networks. The Cat 6 standard provides performance of up to 250 Mhz (500 MHz) for the newer Cat 6 a standard) and can be used up to a maximum length of 100 meters 328 Feet (55 meters for 10GBASE-T networks).
The Cat 6 standard was first released in 2002 as part of the Telecommunications Industry Association’s TIA/EIA-568-B.2-1 document specification. Cat 6 is backward compatible with the Cat 3, Cat 5 and Cat 5e cable standards, and as with Cat 5 and Cat 5e cabling, Cat 6 cables consist of four unshielded twisted pairs (UTP) of copper wire terminated by RJ45 connectors.
In addition to its support for higher performance than the Cat 5 specification, the Cat 6 standard also includes more stringent specifications for crosstalk and system noise. While Cat 6 is expected to supersede both Cat 5 and Cat 5e cabling in the future, all three types of cables continue to be popular for use in network installations.
In fiber optics technology multimode fiber is used for signal transmission over short distances. In multimode fiber light waves are dispersed into numerous paths as they travel through the cable’s core. Can be used to connect two offices together in the same building. It can provide high bandwidth data.
Coax Cables transfer audio and video signals from a receiver to piece of equipment like a TV, cable box or a Projector.
What if my office already has cables? Even if you’re moving to an office that already has some cabling in place it’s a good idea to have a technician come into evaluate even if your office has cabling Phone and Data Pros should come onsite and do a visual inspection of the jacks and look in the ceiling to make sure they are usable and provide the best Data throughput possible and to check for damage or nonworking lines. You may be able to save some cost by using preexisting wiring, but if updates or repair are needed, you’ll want to address it rather than have it cost you money down the line. You can do this by having Phone and Data Proscertify the cables this will ensure you can reuse these wires without any problems.
Who installs, repairs, and maintains cables? Big corporations such as Cox Communications or AT&T have technicians who do cabling at a premium cost, but it’s probably more beneficial to you and your budget to find a local technician to do the work. You’ll get faster service and more personal attention at a fraction of the cost with a private cabling company. Phone and Data Pros can meet all your cabling installation, repair, and maintenance needs, as well as discuss new and used phone systems, emergency phone repair, computer networking, surveillance videos, and Data Networking, Automated Gate Entry, Call Boxes and Gate Phones, Disaster Recovery such as backup for your phone system or computer network we can work with your telephone line company such as Cox or Telepacific , AT&T etc. so your company can focus on the move of your office.
How can I tell what cables my office will need? Not sure what you need? Still have questions? Give us a call at 619.324.9002.